Pelvic inflammatory disease can reduce your chances of falling pregnant. It is caused by a bacterial infection which starts in the vagina and/or cervix and spreads throughout the pelvis causing inflammation. The infection which leads to PID can come from numerous sources. For example, the bacteria can be initially caused by sexually transmitted diseases as well as childbirth, or even when just having an IUI fitted.
Please be aware PID can reduce your chances of conception. This is especially the case for instances of PID which are the result of a sexually transmitted disease. A common side effect is damaged fallopian tubes and increased chances of an ectopic pregnancy. You also need to be aware the disease can also affect the health of a foetus. During gestation it can cause both physical and mental side effects to unborn children and it also increases the risk of miscarriage.
The symptoms which are indicative of PID are:
- Pain in the lower abdomen and/or lower back;
- Pain or discomfort during intercourse;
- Irregular vaginal discharge with a strong odour;
- Pain when urinating;
- Heavy period or bleeding between periods;
- Pain or discomfort in the legs;
- As well as nonspecific symptoms such as fever, vomiting or nausea.
If you have any of these symptoms and you are trying to fall pregnant, you should seek the advice of your doctor. It is also important to be aware that PID can be asymptomatic and some women have been infected and have been unaware.