Modern medical science
The paradigm of modern medical science is very different to that of acupuncture and traditional Chinese herbal medicine. Modern medical science adopts the approach of examination and intervention on very specific areas of the body and specific bodily processes. It utilises disciplines such as microbiology and biochemistry. Contrary to this, acupuncture and traditional Chinese herbal medicine takes a holistic approach and considers the whole person and aims on creating a balance and harmony within the body. As a consequence, modern medical science accounts for infertility very differently from acupuncture and traditional Chinese herbal medicine. In turn both disciplines have a different approach to the treatment of infertility. Each has their own merit and each approach is effective in treating infertility in their own right. When both paradigms are combined the result can be very powerful and effective.
Using principals of physiology, modern medicine categorises the causes of female infertility into four major categories:
1. problems with egg reproduction;
2. physical abnormalities causing blockages of sperm, egg, and/or embryo through the reproductive tract;
3. problems with embryo implantation;
4. numerous other factors which cause unexplained infertility (such as psychological/emotional factors, age, body weight, borderline hormonal imbalances, smoking/alcohol/caffeine, immunity problems).
Medical treatment for infertility is largely conducted under the supervision of a gynaecologist or IVF specialist. Examples of treatment are the prescribing of hormones such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) to increase egg production during an IVF cycle or clomid which is used to aid ovulation.